The Johari Window

The Johari Window Model..

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There are many different perspectives on the same thing sometimes. Other perspectives can be extremely helpful when expressing yourself and understanding how other people interpret what you say or are doing to get an accurate judgment or picture of different situations. Right in the Bible, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John all walked with Jesus, yet each had their own story or perspective to share. Just like the Johari window points out, we know ourselves, others know us, and how things appear can be different depending on whose perspective it looks through. For example, I may know that I am 6’4″ tall, and since I have been playing basketball my whole life, I would consider that somewhat of an average height, yet someone who is 7 years old may even look at me and think I am so very, very tall. Again, it is perspective that counts. When we use the different perspectives, we can see the blind spots or hidden areas that we are unaware of yet others are very aware of! How familiar are you with yourself? Most people, including myself, have a limited understanding of themselves, how others see them, and how they are in reality. ~ Bill Greguska

Matthew 26:10 Aware of this, Jesus said to them, “Why are you bothering this woman? She has done a beautiful thing for me.

What Is The Johari Window?

The ‘Johari window is a helpful way to achieve understanding and enhance communication between the group members. American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham developed this Johari window model in 1955.

The Johari Window Model


1. Open/self-area or arena –

The person and others will know the information about their attitudes, behavior, emotions, feelings, skills, and views. This is mainly where all the communications occur, and the larger the arena becomes, the more productive and dynamic the relationship will be. ‘Feedback solicitation’ is a process that happens by understanding and listening to feedback from another person. This way, the open area can be increased horizontally, decreasing the blind spot. The arena’s size can also be increased downwards, thus reducing the hidden and unknown regions by revealing one’s feelings to another person.

2. Blind self or blind spot –

There is information about yourself that others know in a group, but you will be unaware of it. Others may interpret you differently than you expect. The blind spot is reduced for efficient communication by seeking feedback from others.

3. Hidden area or façade –

Information that is known to you but will be kept unknown from others. This can be any personal information that you feel reluctant to reveal. This includes feelings, past experiences, fears, secrets, etc. We keep some of our emotions and information private as it affects relationships. Thus the hidden area must be reduced by moving the information to the open spaces.

4. Unknown area – Not known to others, known to others, known to self, not known to self.

The Information which is unaware to yourselves as well as others. This includes information, feelings, capabilities, talents, etc. This can be due to traumatic past experiences or events which can be unknown for a lifetime. The person will be unaware till he discovers his hidden qualities and capabilities or through observation of others. Open communication is also an effective way to decrease the unknown area and thus communicate effectively.
Linda got a job in an organization. Her co-workers knew a little about her; in this context, the unknown and hidden areas would be more prominent, and the open space will be small. As the others don’t know much about her, the blind spot will also be smaller, and the model will be shown in Figure 1.








Johari Window

Linda spent most of her free time sketching in the office, which was her preferred pastime and her co-workers found her very shy and elusive. With that evaluation, she understood how and tried to be more talkative and interacted more with other co-workers. This helped her increase her open area and thus to make the hidden and the unknown regions smaller. (Figure 2)Asking for feedback or disclosing or giving feedback.
Through the feedback Linda got from her co-workers, she could perform well in the office, and her actual capacity could be obtained due to effective interaction among her colleagues.
Information about Johari Window was found at:

Here’s A Summary Of How To Place The Adjectives:


PLANE 1 /Arena – Adjectives selected by the individual and peers or significant others are placed in Arena.

PLANE 2 / Façade – Adjectives selected by the individual only are placed on Façade.

PLANE 3 / Blind Spot – Adjectives selected by peers or significant others only are placed in Blind Spot.

PLANE 4 / Unknown – Adjectives not selected by anybody are placed in the unknown.



The participant can use adjectives like these as possible descriptions in the Johari window.


  • able

  • accepting

  • adaptable

  • bold

  • brave

  • calm

  • caring

  • cheerful

  • clever

  • complex

  • confident

  • dependable

  • dignified

  • empathetic

  • energetic

  • extroverted

  • friendly

  • giving

  • happy

  • helpful

  • idealistic

  • independent

  • ingenious

  • intelligent

  • introverted

  • kind

  • knowledgeable

  • logical

  • loving

  • mature

  • modest

  • nervous

  • observant

  • organized

  • patient

  • powerful

  • proud

  • quiet

  • reflective

  • relaxed

  • religious

  • responsive

  • searching

  • self-assertive

  • self-conscious

  • sensible

  • sentimental

  • shy

  • silly

  • smart

  • spontaneous

  • sympathetic

  • tense

  • trustworthy

  • warm

  • wise

  • wit




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