The Johari WindowThe Johari Windo Model

How Aware Are You Of Yourself?

Most people, including myself, have a limited understanding of themselves concerning others, concerning themselves, how others see them, and how they are in reality. ~ Bill Greguska
It is important to try to improve self-awareness and in relationships with others in a group.
The ‘Johari’ window is a helpful way to achieve understanding and enhance communication between the members of a group. American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham developed this Johari window model in 1955.







What Is The Johari Window?


The Johari Window Model


1. Open/self-area or arena –

Here the information about their attitudes, behavior, emotions, feelings, skills, and views will be known by the person as well as by others. This is mainly where all the communications occur, and the larger the arena becomes, the more effectual and dynamic the relationship will be. ‘Feedback solicitation’ is a process that happens by understanding and listening to the feedback from another person. In this way, the open area can be increased horizontally, decreasing the blind spot. The arena’s size can also be increased downwards and thus by reducing the hidden and the unknown regions by revealing one’s feelings to another person.

2. Blind self or blind spot –

Information about yourselves that others know in a group, but you will be unaware of it. Others may interpret yourselves differently than you expect. The blind spot is reduced for efficient communication through seeking feedback from others.

3. Hidden area or façade –

Information that is known to you but will be kept unknown from others. This can be any personal information that you feel reluctant to reveal. This includes feelings, past experiences, fears, secrets, etc. We keep some of our feelings and information as private as it affects relationships. Thus the hidden area must be reduced by moving the information to the open spaces.

4. Unknown area – Not known to others, known to others, known to self, not known to self

The Information which is unaware to yourselves as well as others. This includes the information, feelings, capabilities, talents, etc. This can be due to traumatic past experiences or events which can be unknown for a lifetime. The person will be unaware till he discovers his hidden qualities and capabilities or through observation of others. Open communication is also an effective way to decrease the unknown area and thus to communicate effectively.
Linda got a job in an organization. Her co-workers knew a little about her, and in this context, the unknown and hidden areas will be more prominent, and the open space will be small. As the others don’t know much about her, the blind spot will also be smaller, and the model will be shown in Figure 1.








Linda spent most of her free time sketching in the office, which was her preferred pastime and her co-workers found her very shy and elusive. With that evaluation, she understood how and tried to be more talkative and interacted more with other co-workers. This helped her increase her open area and thus to make the hidden and the unknown regions smaller. (Figure 2)Asking for feedback or disclosing or giving feedback
Through the feedback Linda got from her co-workers, she could perform well in the office, and her actual capacity could be obtained due to effective interaction among the colleagues.
Information about Johari Window was found at:

Here’s A Summary Of How To Place The Adjectives:


PLANE 1 /Arena – Adjectives selected by the individual and peers or significant others are placed in Arena.

PLANE 2 / Facade – Adjectives selected by the individual only are placed in Facade.

PLANE 3 / Blind Spot – Adjectives selected by peers or significant others only are placed in Blind Spot.

PLANE 4 / Unknown – Adjectives not selected by anybody are placed in unknown.



The participant can use adjectives like these as possible descriptions in the Johari window.


  • able
  • accepting
  • adaptable
  • bold
  • brave
  • calm
  • caring
  • cheerful
  • clever
  • complex
  • confident
  • dependable
  • dignified
  • empathetic
  • energetic
  • extroverted
  • friendly
  • giving
  • happy
  • helpful
  • idealistic
  • independent
  • ingenious
  • intelligent
  • introverted
  • kind
  • knowledgeable
  • logical
  • loving
  • mature
  • modest
  • nervous
  • observant
  • organized
  • patient
  • powerful
  • proud
  • quiet
  • reflective
  • relaxed
  • religious
  • responsive
  • searching
  • self-assertive
  • self-conscious
  • sensible
  • sentimental
  • shy
  • silly
  • smart
  • spontaneous
  • sympathetic
  • tense
  • trustworthy
  • warm
  • wise
  • wit





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